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Tuesday, September 26, 2017

Prompts #3 and #5

Prompt #3
Choose a piece of sociological research that is relevant to your chosen topic and that you think the public should know about. Write a post that explains the research topic and question, the research methods, and the key findings. Tell them why this matters!

Prompt #5 & #7 (responses to #4 and #6)
Read your peers' popular media or cultural object links. Write a post that describes your observations about how social issues are presented to the public. What do you notice? Whose perspectives are represented? Whose are not? Are they informed by social science? What concerns do you have or what things should we think about?

Thursday, September 7, 2017

Blog#2 Prompt: Sociologists (and others) Talk about Putting Sociology into Public Dialogue

This week I've asked us to read the thoughts of some sociologists (and a journalist!) about whether sociologists and their research is relevant to the public and in particular, in the public spaces where people come together to discuss and create the policies and laws that shape our world, about whether it "should" be made relevant in these spaces, and about how it might be made more relevant.

We begin by reading Patricia Hill Collin's short article from Contexts where she proposes two strategies of intellectual activism and suggests that both are necessary for "working across differences and building communities in which dialogue is possible" (37). We read Orlando Patterson's critique of sociology as having made itself irrelevant in policy debates, part because academics avoid "engaging in public discourse," because they neglect to highlight the importance of culture and engaging in public discourse for cultural change, and because they do not participate in designing research that would make a difference in the lives of those who are disadvantaged within society. Fabio Rojas explains why activism and academia don't mix, suggesting that the structural features of the academy constrain the efforts of academics to engage with public audiences. Then, Nathan Jurgenson provides suggestions for how academics 'can' become relevant. Finally, Karen Sternheimer, over at Everyday Sociology Blog, discusses "the promise and perils" of working with journalists to share sociological perspectives and research on current issues with the public. This serves as a nice complement to the perspective of a journalist, Barbara Ehrenreich, on working with sociologists/social scientists (an article from the edited volume, Public Sociology).

So, your task is to read this collection of articles and try to make some sense of them. What do you make of this debate? I have summarized the main ideas of their work, but you should identify and synthesize their arguments. Where do they agree? Disagree? From this collection of work, what are the roadblocks to social scientists seeking to engage with a public audience? Should social science influence public debate and public policy? How might it be done? To whom should the work be addressed? In your response, recall C. Wright Mills' discussion about the role of the social scientist. What would he say to these questions? And finally, what do you think? What do you make of the fact that this is a debate being had by people with advanced degrees at universities? How might the conversation change if we were to think in terms of how people with social science training outside of the university setting (and outside of the PhD) might engage with the public?

I look forward to reading your thoughts. Is anyone outside of the class reading along with us? What do you think? Tell me in the comments.


References to printed works (I have linked to blog posts above):

Collins, Patricia Hill. 2013. "truth-telling and intellectual activism" in Contexts 12:1, Pp. 36-39. Temple University Press.
Ehrenreich, Barbara. 2007. "A Journalist's Plea." Pp. 231-238 in Public Sociology, edited by Clawson, Dan, Robert Zussman, Joya Misra, Naomi Gerstel, Randall Stokes, Douglas L. Anderton, and Michael Burawoy. Berkeley, CA: University of CA Press.

Why Sociology?

I asked my students to begin their semester-long blogging project by sharing what draws them to sociology and how they might use it in the future. I figured I'd answer the same question. The short story is that when I was introduced to the sociological perspective by my wonderful Introduction to Sociology teacher, I had an "aha" moment. The topic was food insecurity and public versus private responses to food insecurity. I was someone who had been hungry on occasion and who understood well what it meant to be worried about my ability to provide food for myself and my children. I had also had dealt with public institutions such as the Dept. of Social Services and private organizations such as food banks. So in this Intro class, I learned about how the federal poverty line, which is used to determine who is eligible for assistance. I learned about public policy regarding food insecurity (or the lack thereof), and I learned about the constraints and limitations of the private charity system which has tried to fill in the gaps left by our public policy response to food insecurity (we read Sweet Charity, which remains on my bookshelf to this day). This structural perspective enabled me to begin to understand my experiences as an individual when I had applied for assistance with food at both public and private institutions.

And that is the definition of sociology - the ability to move from thinking about personal experience as an individual problem to seeing that personal experience within a larger social system. C. Wright Mills, who coined the term, "the sociological imagination," to describe how sociologists view the world, defined it as the ability to distinguish between personal troubles and public issues. While it is certainly the case that individuals have agency, that is, they make choices that affect their everyday lives and their life chances, they don't do that within a vacuum. We exist within a larger social system that influences what choices we have and how we behave. Therefore, the benefits of the sociological perspective are that by examining the social system, we can see where inequalities are created and maintained - such as ways that public policies fail to provide adequate solutions for food insecurity - and can suggest alternative policies.



Tuesday, August 29, 2017

Welcome to Fall Semester 2017 and to my SOCI 475 students.

Hi folks! Welcome to Sociology 475 - Senior Seminar. As you know, the framework for this class is public sociology. We are going to think about how our sociological perspective, social science research methods, and sociological analyses can be useful outside of academic spaces. Our course blogs will be our practice of communicating our sociological perspectives on the social problems about which we are interested to a public audience.

Here is the prompt for our first blog post:
In two to three paragraphs, consider what draws you to sociology and how you might use it in the future. Begin your post by telling us something about yourself and why it matters to you.

Throughout your post, answer the following questions:
  • How would you define sociology? What is the sociological perspective? 
  • What is useful about sociology? What are the benefits of the sociological perspective? 
  • How can it be used outside of academic walls?

A note for Criminal Justice Studies students:
  • Your answers might be somewhat different as you think about how the criminological (and sociological and feminist) perspectives about crime, punishment, policing, etc., are and could be useful for nonacademic audiences. 
For folks who are visiting: Here is a Wikipedia page about Public Sociology (not a scholarly source, but very useful!). 


Monday, September 9, 2013

The final blog post... for now...

So our summer session comes to a close this week. Six weeks, 19 lectures, some of them in a very hot environment - we made it through our fast and very surface level survey of what sociologists study and how they go about it. We've used the sociological imagination to briefly examine how we construct our social realities, the construction of categories that are then the basis on which power, privilege, and prestige are systematically distributed, the ways that the intersections of race, class, and gender at which we each exist structure how we experience health and illness, education, and family, and how the ways that we have constructed those institutions impact our abilities to experience the good things in life, and finally, how we simultaneously reproduce and resist the social inequalities that divide and discriminate.

Most of you will not go on to become sociology majors - and that's okay because I think that it is useful for individuals in all fields to have sociological imaginations, to be able to look at the everyday world through a sociological lens. [I do hope I piqued some interest and that at least a few of you will choose to take some sociology classes that explore these ideas in more depth.] A well-honed sociological imagination that connects history and biography, the personal and the social, will enable us to find solutions to the inequities we face in our daily lives.

So, for your last blog post, I'd like you to return to the idea of the sociological imagination. How did using a sociological perspective provide a different way of looking at a problem or an institution or a social phenomena? Be specific. Hint: You might return to the social phenomena that you discussed in your first post as something that you'd like to "make strange." Has your analysis changed? How? If you wish to pick a problem, institution, or social phenomena that you didn't discuss in your first post, that's fine, but be specific and concrete with your examples and analysis.

And then finally, reflect on what using a sociological imagination "looks" like for you. When we began the course, you defined it - but what is it to use a sociological imagination in practice? Is there something you will take from this class for your future classes?

It was truly a pleasure to serve as your instructor this Session. I wish you lots of luck in your future endeavors and I hope that, no matter what life path you follow, you continue to develop your sociological imaginations and become engaged, critical, and reflexive citizens.
Anna

Week Five Blog Prompts

This week we continued our survey of topics that sociologists study by examining the sociology of health and the sociology of family.

Option 1:
In this article, the author tells a story about the life and death of a poor white woman. Read and analyze this article using the sociological concepts we discussed in class. Specifically, identify and use the elements of social determinants theory, psycho- social, materialist, and the fundamental causes theories, to explain Crystal Wilson's life and death? Finally, be sure to consider the author's analysis - what might you add or argue with (if this is difficult, identify some further questions we should ask).
http://prospect.org/article/whats-killing-poor-white-women


Option 2:
In this audio and written article, the author queries the phenomena of stay-at-home dads with breadwinner moms. Read and listen and then discuss. First, why is this a "hot topic?" What gender roles and ideas about the family are being challenged by families such as those profiled (include some specific evidence from the article/audio)? In your answer, be sure to discuss the myth of the traditional family and the division of labor. Given what you've learned in class, what questions might you ask these families if you had the opportunity?
http://www.npr.org/2013/05/15/180300236/stay-at-home-dads-breadwinner-moms-and-making-it-all-work

Friday, August 30, 2013

Week 4 Blog Prompts

This week we discussed gender and race as socially constructed categories that serve as the basis for differential distribution of power, prestige, and privilege. Our systems of gender and racial stratification shape individuals' life chances and lived experiences in a variety of ways.

This week:

Option 1: We discussed gender as "achieved," that is, we "do" gender and we are held "accountable" for how well we achieve (or don't) gender. Use these concepts to discuss a time when you failed to achieve your gender, and how you were held accountable. Did you purposefully fail to "achieve?" Why? You may find it useful to discuss this in terms of hegemonic masculinity, ideal femininity, and other course concepts.

Option 2: We also discussed racialization: how boundaries are drawn around a group, how people are mapped into those groups, the meanings assigned to the category, and the everyday consequences of being marked as part of that racial category. Use these concepts to discuss a time when you experienced being racialized (for example, the first time you became aware of your racial category) and connect that to our discussion of structural racism. It may be relevant to you to discuss the invisibility of whiteness as per Peggy McIntosh.

Finally it is important to note that we do not experience one identity separately from the rest; that is, we are all raced and all gendered. Our lived experiences are situated at "the intersections" of race and gender (and class, etc.). Where we may have privilege and access to resources (the good stuff of life) based on our belonging to one category, we may simultaneously be at a disadvantage based on belonging to another category. For example, as a White woman, my white skin affords me access to privilege (not being assumed to be a criminal and being assumed to "belong" in the U.S) at the same time that I may make less money than my male counterpart. Thus, if it makes sense to you to discuss your experiences at the intersection of race and gender (e.g. as a Latina woman or a Asian man), rather than discussing them separately, please feel free to do so.